Estimates of the Black Death's death toll in European cities from 1347-1351

Estimates of the Black Death's death toll in selected European cities from 1347 to 1351

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Release date

April 2020


Worldwide, Turkey

Survey time period

1347 to 1351

Supplementary notes

This data was mostly compiled from; The Epidemics of the Middle Ages, by J.F.C. Hecker (1859), and was cross referenced with a variety of sources. Conflicting records are listed below.**

Other sources have stated that Dublin and Genoa lost approximately 35% of their populations, while Bremen lost approximately 40% of its population.

*The source does not specify dates, just that the deaths are attributed to the bubonic plague during the first wave (possibly in the first three years) of the Black Death epidemic.

**Additional or conflicting notes are as follows;
Venice: Total population estimated at 150,000 at the time of the outbreak
Florence: another source reports 50,000 deaths from a population of 85,000
Avignon: another source disputes this number, claiming that the total population did not exceed 50,000.
Erfurt: the source claims that this was the minimum death toll.
Marseilles: the source claims this was from the first month of the epidemic only.

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