With a land mass of less than half that of the United States and a population almost four times greater, India has recognized potential problems of its growing population. Government attempts to implement family planning programs have achieved varying degrees of success. Initiatives such as sterilization programs in the 1970s have been blamed for creating general antipathy to family planning, but the combined efforts of various family planning and contraception programs have helped halve fertility rates since the 1960s. The population growth rate has correspondingly shrunk as well, but has not yet reached less than one percent growth per year.
As home to thousands of ethnic groups, hundreds of languages, and numerous religions, a cohesive and broadly-supported effort to reduce population growth is difficult to create. Despite that, India is one country to watch in coming years. It is also a growing economic power; among other measures, its GDP per capita was expected to triple between 2003 and 2013 and was listed as the third-ranked country for its share of the global gross domestic product.
India: Estimated total population from 2017 to 2027
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IMF. (April 19, 2022). India: Estimated total population from 2017 to 2027 (in millions) [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved June 28, 2022, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/263766/total-population-of-india/
IMF. "India: Estimated total population from 2017 to 2027 (in millions)." Chart. April 19, 2022. Statista. Accessed June 28, 2022. https://www.statista.com/statistics/263766/total-population-of-india/
IMF. (2022). India: Estimated total population from 2017 to 2027 (in millions). Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: June 28, 2022. https://www.statista.com/statistics/263766/total-population-of-india/
IMF. "India: Estimated Total Population from 2017 to 2027 (in Millions)." Statista, Statista Inc., 19 Apr 2022, https://www.statista.com/statistics/263766/total-population-of-india/
IMF, India: Estimated total population from 2017 to 2027 (in millions) Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/263766/total-population-of-india/ (last visited June 28, 2022)