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Hydropower consumption - top countries 2018

Leading countries by hydropower consumption in 2018 (in million metric tons of oil equivalent)

by T. Wang, last edited Aug 9, 2019
Hydropower consumption - top countries 2018 The largest consumers of hydropower include China, Canada, and Brazil. Hydropower consumption in these countries totaled 272.1 million metric tons of oil equivalent, 87.6 million metric tons of oil equivalent, and 86.7 million metric tons of oil equivalent, respectively. Several provinces in Canada produce over 90 percent of their energy through hydropower. Due to plentiful and vast water bodies, Canada’s hydroelectricity potential is still much higher than its current consumption of hydro energy. Many of Canada’s hydropower facilities were constructed prior to 1990 and thus major rehabilitation and modernization of its power plants are essential.
Global hydropower

Hydropower consumption has generally increased over the last decades, reaching 948.8 million metric tons of oil equivalent in 2018. It is one of the leading renewable sources worldwide due to its flexibility and consistency. Hydropower has long been capable of meeting base load electricity requirements and can meet peak and unexpected demand. There are three main types of hydropower stations. Run of river stations generate electricity through energy derived from river flow, reservoirs generate power by releasing stored water, and pumped storage facilities pump stored water back up to a higher reservoir to be re-released.
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Leading countries by hydropower consumption in 2018 (in million metric tons of oil equivalent)

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