Population of Greenland 2009-2019, by gender

Greenland is the world’s largest island, located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans. Most of the country is covered by ice. It is the least densely populated country in the world. The population fluctuated slightly in the past few years. As of 2019, Greenland had 56,992 inhabitants. Among these, more than 29.5 thousand were male and more than 26.4 thousand were female inhabitants.

 Danish citizenship

   Until 1953, Greenland was a Danish colony. It is still part of the Kingdom of Denmark but it has its own extensive local government and is not part of the European Union (unlike Denmark). Due to being part of Denmark, the vast majority of the inhabitants had Danish citizenship in 2018, amounting to approximately 54 thousand.  


  Greenland is organized in five administrative divisions. The capital Nuuk is in Kommuneqarfik Sermersooq, a municipality located on the coast in West and East Greenland. In 2018, more than 22 thousand inhabitants lived in this municipality, making this Greenland’s most populated municipality.  

Population of Greenland from 2009 to 2019, by gender

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Release date

August 2019



Survey time period

2009 to 2019

Special properties

as of January 1 of each year

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