Vaccine hesitancy in the U.S.

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Statista dossier about vaccine hesitancy in the United States

This dossier presents key facts and figures about vaccine hesitancy in the United States. Vaccine hesitancy refers to vaccine reluctance or refusal, usually due to misconceptions about the safety or effectiveness of vaccines. The anti-vaccination movement has grown in recent years in places such as the United States and Europe, despite overwhelming evidence of the effectiveness of vaccinations. This dossier contains a brief overview of vaccine hesitancy worldwide before focusing specifically on the United States, providing information on reasons for vaccine hesitancy, the number of refusals and exemptions, petitions filed for injuries and deaths caused by vaccines, and public opinion.

Table of contents

  • 1. Global overview
    • Global vaccination coverage in 2018, by vaccine type

    • Share of people worldwide who feel it's important for children to have vaccines 2018

    • Share of people globally strongly or somewhat agreeing vaccines are safe 2018

    • Share of people globally strongly or somewhat agreeing vaccines are effective 2018

    • Countries most likely to disagree that vaccines are important for children 2018

    • Countries with the highest rates of people in disagreement over vaccine safety 2018

    • Countries with highest disagreement over vaccine effectiveness worldwide in 2018

  • 2. U.S. overview
    • Cases of infectious diseases before and after the use of vaccines U.S. 2017

    • New cases of mumps in the U.S. 1970-2017

    • New cases of mumps in the U.S. 1970-2017

    • New cases of measles in the U.S. 1950-2019

    • New cases of measles in the U.S. 1950-2017

    • U.S. adults that believed they personally benefited from vaccines 2018

  • 3. Vaccinations among children
    • Share of U.S. children who received all doses of recommended vaccines 2017

    • MMR vaccination rate among U.S. children aged 19-35 months 1994-2017

    • U.S. states with the lowest percent of children receiving vaccinations U.S. 2019

  • 4. Reasons for hesitancy
    • Reasons U.S. families gave health care professionals for refusing vaccinations 2016

    • Adults' reasons for not getting the flu vaccine in the U.S. as of 2018

    • Reasons for not receiving a flu vaccine among U.S. university students as of 2017

    • Share of reasons for under-vaccination among U.S. children as of 2016

  • 5. Refusals and exemptions
    • Vaccines families were most likely to refuse in the U.S. 2016

    • Religious and philosophical exemptions to vaccinations in the U.S. in 2018, by state

    • Percentage of kindergarteners with vaccine exemptions in the U.S. in 2018, by state

    • Share of U.S. infants with a parental vaccination refusal 2010-2016, by state

  • 6. Injury and death from vaccinations
    • Number of petitions filed per year for damages caused by vaccines U.S. 1988-2020

    • Number of petitions filed for injury or death caused by vaccines U.S. 1988-2020

    • Number of petitions filed for damages caused by vaccines U.S. 1988-2020, by outcome

  • 7. Public opinion
    • Support for universal immunization in the U.S. in 2019, by age

    • Opinions on the importance of childhood vaccinations in the U.S. as of 2018

    • Opinions on the importance of childhood vaccinations in the U.S. 2008 vs. 2018

    • U.S. adult thoughts on the importance of vaccines to societal health as of 2018

    • U.S. adults that believed vaccines were important for societal health 2008 and 2018

    • Opinions on risk from unvaccinated children in the U.S. as of 2018

    • U.S. adults who felt they benefited from vaccines as of 2008 and 2018

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