State of Health
Statistics and facts on state of health
The state of health commonly describes the general condition of a person’s mind and body. The counterparts of a good state of health are pain, injury or illness. The World Health Organization’s definition of health says that it is "a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." There are lots of elements which determine a person’s health situation such as income, social status, education, working conditions, infrastructure, as well as social and physical environments. Genetics, biology, culture and gender are further elements that have to be considered.
Diseases of all kinds are among the most common reasons for deaths worldwide. For example, more than eight million people died globally from cancer alone in 2012. Many diseases influence health without causing death directly. Asthma and diabetes are typical examples, affecting hundreds of millions people worldwide and coincidentally leading to huge healthcare costs. Age and injuries are further key factors influencing the state of health. With growing age, the risk of contracting some diseases increases rapidly.
Prevention and therapy are measurements to maintain a person’s good health and improve a person’s poor state of health respectively. Among the most commonly known preventions are all types of vaccinations which should prevent a possible disease in the future. In comparison, therapies (treatments) are usually given after a health problem has been diagnosed. Medication makes up a substantial part of therapies. But therapies can also include other forms such as physical or psychological treatment.