Some of the metals produced, shipped, and processed by the base metals industry include aluminum, copper, and zinc. Of the base metals previously listed, aluminum counts as the most important non-ferrous metal, as well as the most abundant metal found in the Earth’s crust. Aluminum is largely used in the transport and construction industry, as well as within the engineering and packaging industries. The country with the highest smelter capacity is China, with many of the world's leading aluminum producers. Aluminum Corporation of China Limited (CHALCO) was ranked as the world’s largest aluminum producing company in 2019, having produced about 6.1 million metric tons that year.
Another industrially vital base metal is copper. Copper and its alloys have various uses; it is principally used as an electrical conductor in wires and cables, and also finds use in roofing and plumbing. Brass, a copper and zinc alloy, is used widely for musical instruments. Chile is home to the world’s largest copper reserves. Codelco (Corporación Nacional del Cobre de Chile) Codelco produced over 1.7 million metric tons of copper in 2019.
Zinc sees many end uses, including galvanizing and chemical production, and is key in the production of brass and bronze. Zinc mine production is attributed in great part to China. Globally, zinc consumption amounted to around 13.7 million metric tons in 2019.
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In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 38 most important statistics relating to "Base Metals".