HIV has historically disproportionately affected countries in Africa, with African countries accounting for the 20 countries with the highest HIV prevalence in 2020. Although HIV in the U.S. is not as prevalent or deadly as in Africa, it remains a relevent health issue, with almost 36,400 HIV diagnoses in 2019.
Deaths by HIV in the U.S. have seen significant decreases since the 1990s. In 1995 there were about 16.2 deaths from HIV per 100,000 people in the United States, while in 2018 that number was only 1.5 deaths per 100,000 population. This decrease is due to a combination of factors including increased awareness and advances in treatment. Treatment for HIV is known as antiretroviral therapy (ART) and involves the daily taking of a combination of drugs that do not cure the virus but can halt the progression to AIDS and reduce the risk of transmission to others. Through ART, those who are HIV positive can now live just as long as those without HIV. However, disparities in HIV/AIDS deaths still exist in the United States. For example, the death rate among African Americans remains significantly higher than that of other races or ethnicities. In 2019, the death rate due to HIV among African Americans was 16.1 per 100,000 population, compared to a rate of 4.5 per 100,000 population among Hispanics/Latinos, and just 2.5 per 100,000 among whites.
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In the following 4 chapters, you will quickly find the 24 most important statistics relating to "HIV/AIDS in the U.S.".