With a relatively constant total population in Germany, the average doctor density rose from 279 residents per doctor in 2000 to 221 residents per doctor in 2014. However, this development does in no way mean generally better patient-centered support, because the doctor density per region differs strongly. Thus, in densely populated areas there tends to be an oversupply – Hamburg, Bremen and Berlin display the highest doctor density, whereas rural states like Brandenburg or Saxony-Anhalt with 265 and 253 residents per doctor, respectively, are under-supplied. In the eastern German states vacant medical practices are found considerably more often than in older states – with the exception of Lower Saxony.
The largest doctor group in the German medical fraternity are internists, followed by GPs and surgeons. Of the roughly 75,000 medical practices in Germany (as of 2011), almost 40 percent were GP and practical ones. With roughly 33.4 billion euros, medical treatments were the second largest expense item of statutory health insurances, as of 2014. The largest share fell on the GP and general internist group. The by far highest profits from medical fees were found among physicians and radiologists, who on average earned roughly 417,000 or 368,000 euros respectively per doctor in 2013.