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Share of U.S. children who received any mental health treatment 2013-19, by income

Percentage of children and adolescents in the U.S. who received any mental health treatment or services from 2013 to 2019, by household income

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Release date

February 2022


United States

Survey time period


Number of respondents

171,078 respondents

Age group

3-17 years

Special properties


Supplementary notes

Original questions: "During the past 12 months, has this child received any treatment or counseling from a mental health professional? During the past 12 months, have you seen or talked to...a mental health professional such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, psychiatric nurse, or clinical social worker...about child’s health? Did you see or talk to this general doctor because of an emotional or behavioral problem that [child] may have? During the past 12 months, has this child taken any medication because of difficulties with his or her emotions, concentration, or behavior?"
Count represents sum of all responses to the National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) (114,476 respondents, 3 to 17 years), National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) (14,287 respondents, 3 to 17 years), National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) (33,678 respondents, 12 to 17 years), and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) (8,637 respondents, 12 to 17 years).
For NSCH and NHIS, Federal Poverty Level (FPL) is based on family income and family size using the Census Bureau’s poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Imputed income files were used to impute family income when it was not provided, and for NSCH, family size was imputed using other information about the household when the number of family members was not provided. NSDUH only imputes family size when exact counts cannot be determined from the household roster. NHANES uses the US Department of Health and Human Services poverty guidelines in calculating the FPLs (also known as the family income to poverty ratio) and does not impute missing incomes.
* FPL: Federal Poverty Level.
** Values represent period from 2016 to 2019.
*** Values represent period from 2017 to 2018.
**** Values represent period from 2018 to 2019. Figures include receipt of specialty and non-specialty mental health services.
***** Values represent period from 2013 to 2018.

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Statistics on " Mental health treatment in the U.S. "

Statistics on Mental health treatment in the U.S.

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