Mental health treatment in the U.S. - Statistics & Facts

The issue of mental health has gained greater attention in recent years and has become especially relevant during the COVID-19 pandemic. The most common forms of mental illness are depression and anxiety. In 2019, the percentage of U.S. adults with a mental illness was higher for women than men. Over the past decade, the number of U.S. adults who have received mental health treatment has consistently increased, reaching over 40 million in 2019. Despite progress in raising awareness, there are still barriers to accessing treatment, such as affordability and the stigma associated with mental illness. The most common type of mental health treatment among U.S. adults is prescription medication, followed by outpatient and inpatient care.

How many mental health facilities are there in the U.S.?

Facilities range in type and may offer different treatments or even separate programs for specific client groups. The number of mental health treatment facilities in the U.S. stood at 12,472 in 2019. Outpatient facilities are the most common type, followed by community mental health centers and general hospitals with separate psychiatric units. In terms of the treatments offered by U.S. mental health facilities, therapy remains the predominant approach, with individual psychotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy the most widely available. Furthermore, U.S. mental health facilities offer treatment programs for specific client groups, with services, for example, tailored for persons with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or co-occurring mental and substance use disorders.

Reasons why people do not receive mental health care

Although the use of mental health treatment has increased in the United States, there remain significant barriers to access for many people. For example, according to a 2019 survey, the share of U.S. women with a form of mental illness who did not receive treatment was around 50 percent. A lack of treatment is even more common among those with co-occurring mental health and substance abuse problems. This emphasizes the importance of integrating mental health treatment with substance abuse treatment and rehabilitation in the United States. Many people are concerned that mental health treatment will impact their relationships with others or harm their job prospects. Additionally, not being able to afford care was the main reason for not receiving mental health services among U.S. adults in 2019. Problems regarding access, stigma, and discrimination continue to highlight the fact that there is a long way to go before society fully recognizes the severity of mental disorders.


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