EU Enlargement: unemployment rate of potential future European Union members 2022

Total unemployment rate for potential future European Union member states in 2022

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Release date

July 2023


Europe, EU

Survey time period


Supplementary notes

The unemployment rate of a country is the modelled ILO estimate of the share of people in a country's labour force who are actively looking for work, but unable to find it.

Countries with blue bars are official candidates for membership of the European Union.

Countries with grey bars are not official candidates, but have been identified by the European Commission as potential future candidates.*Ukraine's unemployment rate is for 2021. Due to Ukraine's war with Russia, which began in 2022, reliable unemployment estimates are not available for the period after. **Kosovo's independence is not recognized by five EU member states and its sovereignty is disputed by Serbia. The unemployment rate for Kosovo is a national estimate for 2021. 

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