U.S. household income distribution 2018

This statistic shows the percentage distribution of household income in the United States in 2018. In 2018, 12 percent of U.S. private households had an annual income between 35,000 and 49,999 U.S. dollars.

Income and poverty

The largest proportion of citizens, at 17.2 percent, earn an annual household income between 50,000 to 74,999 U.S. dollars. Household income in the United States can be used to track economic status and trends across the country. After the economic recession in 2009, the distribution of household incomes has become more unequal and has made income inequality more prominent across many metropolitan areas. Household incomes can also determine if an individual is eligible for certain programs like college financial aid. Between 2000 and 2010, the poverty rate in the U.S. has increased steadily; however, in the recent years there is a trend of poverty decline among U.S. population, reaching 11.8 percent in 2018. About 10.2 percent of households currently earn less than 15,000 U.S. dollars annually. Based on a four-person household in the United States, earning less than 23,492 U.S. dollars annually would put a family under the poverty threshold. Some 24.4 million households currently live under 25,000 U.S. dollars per year . About one-fifth of both the total Black and Hispanic populations were living below the poverty line in 2018.

Household income distribution in the United States in 2018

Loading statistic...
You need to log in to download this statistic
Register for free
Already a member?
Log in
Show detailed source information?
Register for free
Already a member?
Log in

Release date

September 2019


United States

Survey time period


Supplementary notes

Income in 2018 CPI-U-RS adjusted dollars.
Income refers to money income before tax. A detailed explanation of the measurement of income can be found on page 21 of the report.

Statista Accounts: Access All Statistics. Starting from $708 / Year
Basic Account
Get to know the platform

You only have access to basic statistics.

Single Account
Your perfect start with Statista
  • Instant access to 1m statistics
  • Download in XLS, PDF & PNG format
  • Detailed references
$59 / Month *
Corporate Account
Full access

Corporate solution including all features.

* All products require an annual contract; Prices do not include sales tax.

Statistics on "Poverty and Income in the United States"

Statista Accounts: Access All Statistics. Starting from $708 / Year
Learn more about how Statista can support your business.