Gross domestic product (GDP) of Australia 2021*

The statistic depicts Australia's gross domestic product (GDP) from 1984 to 2019, with projections up until 2021. In 2019, GDP in Australia amounted to about 1.38 trillion US dollars. See global GDP for a global comparison.

Australia’s economy and population

Australia’s gross domestic product has been growing steadily, and all in all, Australia and its economic key factors show a well-set country. Australia is among the countries with the largest gross domestic product / GDP worldwide, and thus one of the largest economies. It was one of the few countries not severely stricken by the 2008 financial crisis; its unemployment rate, inflation rate and trade balance, for example, were hardly affected at all. In fact, the trade balance of Australia – a country’s exports minus its imports – has been higher than ever since 2010, with a slight dip in 2012. Australia mainly exports wine and agricultural products to countries like China, Japan or South Korea. One of Australia’s largest industries is tourism, which contributes a significant share to its gross domestic product. Almost half of approximately 23 million Australian residents are employed nowadays, life expectancy is increasing, and the fertility rate (the number of children born per woman) has been quite stable.

A look at the distribution of the world population by continent shows that Australia is ranked last in terms of population and population density. Most of Australia's population lives at the coast in metropolitan areas, since parts of the continent are uninhabitable. Unsurprisingly, Australia is known as a country with very high living standards, four of its biggest cities – Melbourne, Adelaide, Sydney and Perth – are among the most livable cities worldwide.

Australia: Gross domestic product (GDP) in current prices from 1984 to 2021*

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Source

Release date

April 2020

Region

Australia

Survey time period

1984 to 2019

Supplementary notes

According to the source, due to the high level of uncertainty in current global economic conditions, the IMF projections for these indicators are provided only through 2021.

"International dollar" is a hypothetical currency that has a comparable purchase power parity to the U.S. dollar at any given time, i.e. one international dollar would buy a comparable amount of goods and services in the respective country to the amount one U.S. dollar would buy in the United States.

* Estimate.

Values have been rounded to provide a better understanding of the statistic.

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Statistics on "Economic Outlook Australia"

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