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Global economy - Statistics & Facts

Global economy can be defined as the sum of activities that take place both within a country and between different countries. Each country is a separate unit, with its own industrial production, labor market, financial market, resources and environment. The globalization enabled and enhanced the development of international trade, finance or migration of labor force, which are the examplary areas, where countries need to find common solutions and cooperate with one another. One of the effects of the globalization is that drastic changes in one country influence other countries. Brexit does not only change the situation in Great Britain, but in the whole European Union as well.

GDP

There are numerous indicators which allow to measure and analyze the economic activity – they are called economic indicators. One of the most important economic measures is the gross domestic product (GDP), which is the total value of all goods and services manufactured within one year. The global GDP increased from around 25 trillion U.S. dollars in the 1990s to 87.5 trillion U.S. dollars in 2019. The United States was the country with the highest gross domestic productin 2020, followed by China, Japan, and Germany. According to a forecast for 2030, this ranking will look quite different in the future as emerging countries, such as China, India, Russia, or Brazil, are growing faster than the mature economies. In general, global economic growth could be observed in the past years apart from 2020, where the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic took its toll on almost every country in the world.

If we compare the gross domestic product with the number of inhabitants and take a look at GDP per capita, such countries as Macao, Luxembourg, and Singapore emerge as world leaders. On the other hand, Burundi, South Sudan, and Malawi led the ranking of the countries with the lowest GDP per capita in 2020. In 2019, global GDP per capita amounted to 11.43 thousand U.S. dollars.

Other economic indicators

According to the preliminary estimates for 2019, about 187.7 million people were unemployed worldwide, which translates to a global unemployment rate of approximately 5.4 percent. The world regions with the highest unemployment rate are the Arab World, Latin America & Caribbean, and the Euro area.
The global inflation rate was 3.51 percent in 2019. The price levels increased most significantly in Venezuela and Zimbabwe, while the lowest inflation rates were reported in Qatar and Puerto Rico.
The leading export country in 2020 was China, with exports worth about 2.59 trillion U.S. dollars, followed by the United States and Germany. The ranking of the leading import countries, however, sees the United States at the top, followed by China and Germany.

Key figures

The most important key figures provide you with a compact summary of the topic of "Global economy" and take you straight to the corresponding statistics.

Unemployment

Inflation

Global trade

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 51 most important statistics relating to "Global economy".

Global economy

Dossier on the topic

All important statistics are prepared by our experts – available for direct download as PPT & PDF!
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Global economy - Statistics & Facts

Global economy can be defined as the sum of activities that take place both within a country and between different countries. Each country is a separate unit, with its own industrial production, labor market, financial market, resources and environment. The globalization enabled and enhanced the development of international trade, finance or migration of labor force, which are the examplary areas, where countries need to find common solutions and cooperate with one another. One of the effects of the globalization is that drastic changes in one country influence other countries. Brexit does not only change the situation in Great Britain, but in the whole European Union as well.

GDP

There are numerous indicators which allow to measure and analyze the economic activity – they are called economic indicators. One of the most important economic measures is the gross domestic product (GDP), which is the total value of all goods and services manufactured within one year. The global GDP increased from around 25 trillion U.S. dollars in the 1990s to 87.5 trillion U.S. dollars in 2019. The United States was the country with the highest gross domestic productin 2020, followed by China, Japan, and Germany. According to a forecast for 2030, this ranking will look quite different in the future as emerging countries, such as China, India, Russia, or Brazil, are growing faster than the mature economies. In general, global economic growth could be observed in the past years apart from 2020, where the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic took its toll on almost every country in the world.

If we compare the gross domestic product with the number of inhabitants and take a look at GDP per capita, such countries as Macao, Luxembourg, and Singapore emerge as world leaders. On the other hand, Burundi, South Sudan, and Malawi led the ranking of the countries with the lowest GDP per capita in 2020. In 2019, global GDP per capita amounted to 11.43 thousand U.S. dollars.

Other economic indicators

According to the preliminary estimates for 2019, about 187.7 million people were unemployed worldwide, which translates to a global unemployment rate of approximately 5.4 percent. The world regions with the highest unemployment rate are the Arab World, Latin America & Caribbean, and the Euro area.
The global inflation rate was 3.51 percent in 2019. The price levels increased most significantly in Venezuela and Zimbabwe, while the lowest inflation rates were reported in Qatar and Puerto Rico.
The leading export country in 2020 was China, with exports worth about 2.59 trillion U.S. dollars, followed by the United States and Germany. The ranking of the leading import countries, however, sees the United States at the top, followed by China and Germany.

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