With an area of approximately 7.7 million square kilometres, Australia is the sixth –largest country in the world. In comparison to its size, the total population of Australia is rather small in numbers, amounting to only 24 million inhabitants in 2015 and estimated to increase by slightly over 2 million until 2020.
Australia’s biggest city is Sydney, followed by Melbourne and Brisbane. Since almost 90 percent of the population live in cities, Australia is among the countries with the highest degree of urbanization. Australia has a high standard of living: In 2015, it ranked second on the Human Development Index, and as of 2015, its life expectancy is one of the highest worldwide with 82.5 years.
In 2016, Australia exported goods worth about 190 billion U.S. dollars, and imported goods worth approximately 196 billion U.S. dollars, a significant decline from previous years. Its most important trade partner for import and export is China.
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