The statistic shows the trade balance of goods (exports minus imports of goods) in Russia from 2012 to 2022. A positive value means a trade surplus, a negative trade balance means a trade deficit. In 2022, the trade surplus of goods in Russia amounted to about 291.5 billion U.S. dollars.
Russia's politics and the effect on the economy
Russia has maintained a positive trade balance over the last 10 years, but in 2009, Russian exports slumped significantly due to the economic crisis. Since then, Russia has recovered and the country reports a greater surplus now than it did prior to the crisis.
However, Russia’s economy has been weakened recently because of reductions in global oil and gas prices, upon which the Russian economy is largely dependent, and because of international tensions as a result of Russia's invasion of Ukraine. In the past couple of years, Russia has often reacted with hostility to any developments seen as threatening, and as Russia continues to provoke international conflict, this will affect its economy and likely hurt existing trade relations with both import and export partners. As a result, GDP growth is negative in 2015. This has also contributed to significant reductions in GDP per capita, which will directly affect Russian citizens, and moreso as Russia’s inflation is peaking and the unemployment rate continues to rise. In 2015, the inflation rate was close to 16 percent. Economic diversification beyond oil and gas in addition to maintaining trade relations would help Russia’s economy.
Russia: Trade balance of goods from 2012 to 2022
(in billion U.S. dollars)
This statistic has been calculated by Statista using data from the World Trade Organization. The trade balance is the value of goods exports minus the value of goods imported. A positive value indicates a trade surplus, a negative value a trade deficit.
Values have been rounded to provide a better understanding of the statistic.
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WTO, & Statista. (April 30, 2023). Russia: Trade balance of goods from 2012 to 2022 (in billion U.S. dollars) [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved September 27, 2023, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/263634/trade-balance-of-goods-in-russia/
WTO, und Statista. "Russia: Trade balance of goods from 2012 to 2022 (in billion U.S. dollars)." Chart. April 30, 2023. Statista. Accessed September 27, 2023. https://www.statista.com/statistics/263634/trade-balance-of-goods-in-russia/
WTO, Statista. (2023). Russia: Trade balance of goods from 2012 to 2022 (in billion U.S. dollars). Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: September 27, 2023. https://www.statista.com/statistics/263634/trade-balance-of-goods-in-russia/
WTO, and Statista. "Russia: Trade Balance of Goods from 2012 to 2022 (in Billion U.S. Dollars)." Statista, Statista Inc., 30 Apr 2023, https://www.statista.com/statistics/263634/trade-balance-of-goods-in-russia/
WTO & Statista, Russia: Trade balance of goods from 2012 to 2022 (in billion U.S. dollars) Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/263634/trade-balance-of-goods-in-russia/ (last visited September 27, 2023)
Russia: Trade balance of goods from 2012 to 2022 (in billion U.S. dollars) [Graph], WTO, & Statista, April 30, 2023. [Online]. Available: https://www.statista.com/statistics/263634/trade-balance-of-goods-in-russia/