Gazprom - Statistics & Facts

Prior to 1989, the Soviet Ministry of Gas Industry was a separate energy entity. Large reserves of natural gas in Siberia and the Ural and Volga regions initiated Russia’s push for gas production in the 1960s and 1970s. In 1989, the Soviet Ministry of Gas Industry was then converted to Gazprom, a corporation dedicated to the production of gas. Since 2000, new president Vladimir Putin placed heavy restraints on oligarch companies in Russia by implementing state control. The company became privatized with a majority held by the Russian Federation. The company also owns subsidiaries in other sectors such as finance, media, and aviation.

Gazprom was one of the largest oil and gas companies worldwide in 2020. The company is one of the largest extractors of natural gas in the world and generates large revenues through this fossil fuel resource. Russia is one of the largest producers of natural gas in the world, along with the United States. It also holds some of the world’s largest natural gas reserves. The company owns a significant portion of Russia’s natural gas reserves.

Europe has been a significant importer of Gazprom’s natural gas products. Germany and the United Kingdom are Gazprom’s largest customer countries based on gas sales volume. Gazprom transports much of its products through pipelines, many that travel through Ukraine to various European countries. In Ukraine, gas disputes have arisen between Ukrainian company Naftohaz Ukrayiny and Gazprom due to natural gas supplies, prices, and debts. The dispute began in 2005 due to prices of natural gas as well as the cost of transport. Since then, the issue has flamed up repeatedly, aggravated further by the latest Russian-Ukrainian territorial conflict. In 2014, Gazprom reported a heavy decrease of sales and profits, which is likely due to the sanctions and the depreciation of the rubel implemented by the U.S. and the EU in the course of the Ukrainian conflict.

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