The fertility rate is the average number of children per woman. In 2018, this rate was 1.88. This rate has been falling since the mid-1960s and reached its lowest level in 1993 and 1994. Since then, the number of children per woman has been on the rise again, but is still insufficient to reach the generational replacement rate. Indeed, statisticians estimate that for a society not to decline, each woman should have an average of 2.05 children.
Without the contribution of immigration, France would therefore see its population decline.