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Demographics in France - Statistics & Facts

The total French population exceeded 67.8 million in 2022, a figure that has been steadily increasing for decades thanks to the highest number of children per woman in Europe. Despite this relative dynamism, France faces many demographic challenges. Generation renewal is set at 2.1 children per woman and the population is aging. Between 2006 and 2022 alone, the share of people over 65 in the total population increased by more than four points. Family structures are also being disrupted with new social models becoming progressively more common.

Paris, the demographic heart of France

Due to its history, France has rapidly built and unified around a central power located in Paris. Because of its privileged economic position, the capital city attracted a rural population in search of work throughout the 20th century. The rural exodus is now over and the rate of urbanization has been set at around 81 percent by 2021. The Paris region is the most populated in France with more than 12 million inhabitants but also the most densely populated region with more than 1,000 inhabitants per square kilometer.

Aging population, a demographic challenge

With an increasing share of the population over 65 years old, France is facing a demographic headache. Indeed, with the number of births decreasing year after year since 2010, the French government fear that the number of active people will be insufficient in the coming years to meet the needs of the growing amount of elderly. The solution of immigration is still little considered in France, compared to Germany. Net migration is relatively low in France, fluctuating between 29,500 and 155,000 per year since 2008.

A new family model

Marriage is no longer the high light of couple life in France. The share of married people in French population dropped by six points between 2006 and 2018 and the number of marriages has fallen since 2000. On the contrary, the number of civil unions increased between 1999 and 2010 before stabilizing around 200,000 unions thereafter. Family composition has also changed over the past two decades. Mothers are increasingly older at the time of their child's birth and couples no longer wait until they are married to have their child.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 37 most important statistics relating to "Demographics in France ".


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