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Demographics in France - Statistics & Facts

France currently has nearly 67 million inhabitants, making it the second most populated country in Europe. However, like other Western countries, France is facing demographic issues such as an aging population, rampant urbanization and a decrease in the number of marriages.

Having experienced several waves of immigration over the past century, France has become an important host country. The French population is influenced by diversity and multiculturalism. In 2008, nearly one-tenth of the French had an immigrant background.

France is a country where the impact of agriculture on the economy is significant. However, it appears that rural areas are depopulating. In 2018, the share of the urban population in France exceeded 80 percent. Most French people are now living in large urban areas like Lyon, Marseille, and a high number in the Parisian region, which is the center of France's economic activity. Thus, the Île-de-France region, which includes the city of Paris, is the most densely populated area in France.

The French have one of the highest life expectancy rates in the European Union after Italy and Spain. Recently, signs of a decreasing birth rate have appeared in the country, while the death rate has been increasing slightly. Despite this, France keeps being an exception in the European Union with a positive natural increase in population.

France has seen its number of single people rise over the years. French people are not only getting married later, but marriage is also less popular despite the legalization of same-sex marriage in 2013. Indeed, many French people seem to be more attracted by the Pacte de solidarité civil. Also known as PACS, this civil partnership, which was initially implemented for same-sex couples, has become a very popular option among heterosexual couples as well.

Although France benefits from a high fertility rate, families with one child represent the dominant group among French families.

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Demography in France

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Population by age

Change in the population

Marriages, divorces and civil partnerships

Immigration

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