Prevalence of starving people worldwide 2021, by region
Undernourished people worldwide
Southern Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa have some of the highest numbers of undernourished people in the world, totaling 331.6 million and 260.6 million respectively in 2021. Based on the World Hunger Index 2021, Somalia and Yemen were among the most affected countries by hunger and malnutrition. Worldwide, there were about 767.9 million people suffering from malnutrition in 2021.
Malnourishment occurs when a person’s diet consists of too little or too much of certain nutrients. Undernutrition occurs when a person does not intake enough calories, protein, or micronutrients. One of the primary causes of malnutrition is due to limited or lack of accessibility to affordable nutritious foods. Malnutrition is considered to contribute to over a third of child deaths globally. In Asia, an estimated 79 million cases of stunting, which is the primary effect of malnutrition, were recorded for children under the age of five in 2020. The FAO reports that food security and nutrition commitments by national governments are essential in eradicating the world hunger problem. Agricultural productivity, accessibility to land, service, and markets, rural development strategies, and social protection are needed to ensure a reduction in malnutrition.