Prevalence of undernourished people worldwide 2018 by region

This statistic shows the percentage of people who were undernourished worldwide in 2018, by region. In 2018, the rate of undernourishment worldwide was 10.9. The region with the highest undernourishment rate was Africa at 19.9 percent.

Undernourished people worldwide

Southern Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa have some of the highest numbers of undernourished people in the world, totaling 278.5 million and 239.1 million, respectively in 2018. Based on the World Hunger Index 2018, the Central African Republic and Chad were among some of the most affected countries by hunger and malnutrition. Worldwide, there are about 795 million people suffering from malnutrition, 15 million live in developed countries and 780 million live in developing countries.

Malnourishment occurs when a person’s diet consists of too little or too much of certain nutrients. Undernutrition occurs when a person does not intake enough calories, protein, or micronutrients. One of the primary causes of malnutrition is due to limited or lack of accessibility to affordable nutritious foods. Malnutrition is considered to contribute to over a third of child deaths globally. In Southern Asia, 30 percent of children under 5 years of age are considered moderately or severely underweight as of 2012. The FAO reports that food security and nutrition commitments by national governments are essential in eradicating the world hunger problem. Agricultural productivity, accessibility to land, service, and markets, rural development strategies, and social protection are needed to ensure a reduction in malnutrition.

Percentage of people undernourished worldwide in the period 2018, by region

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Supplementary notes

Data is projected data.
*Report states figure as < 2.5

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