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Monthly average crude oil prices of the OPEC basket 2020-2021

In February 2021, the average price of the OPEC basket was 61.05 U.S. dollars per barrel, 5.5 U.S. dollars higher than in February 2020 and the highest monthly average since the spread of the coronavirus pandemic. The OPEC basket is a weighted average of prices for petroleum blends produced by OPEC countries. OPEC stands for “Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries,” and was founded in 1960 in Baghdad, Iraq. The main aim of OPEC is to coordinate the oil policies of its members, and thus to have more influence on the international oil market. It is used as an important benchmark for crude oil prices.

The OPEC basket oil price

The OPEC crude oil price is defined by the price of the so-called OPEC (reference) basket. This basket is an average of the prices of petroleum blends that are produced by the OPEC members. The following countries are members of this organization: Algeria, Angola, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, and the United Arab Emirates. Some of these oil blends are, for example: Saharan Blend from Algeria, Basra Light from Iraq, and Arab Light from Saudi Arabia. The OPEC reference basket includes both heavy and light crude oils, and is heavier than most other crude oil mixtures (benchmarks). OPEC's oil production amounted to 35.67 million barrels per day in 2019.

Oil price benchmarks

The OPEC Basket is one of the most crucial benchmarks for crude oil prices worldwide. Other significant benchmarks are UK Brent, West Texas Intermediate (WTI), and Dubai Crude (Fateh). Because there are many types and grades of oil, such benchmarks are indispensable for referencing them on the global oil market. Looking at the OPEC price within the last 12 months, the lowest price was 17.66 U.S. dollars per barrel in April 2020, a result of over-supply and storage fears.

Average monthly OPEC basket crude oil price from February 2020 to February 2021

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Sources

Release date

March 2021

Region

Worldwide

Survey time period

February 2020 to February 2021

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