Production of gold in Canada by province 2019

Ontario was the largest producer of gold in Canada in 2019, having produced 73,733 kilograms of gold that year.

Golden overview

Gold is a soft, dense, yellow colored, precious transition metal that has multiple uses. The first known gold mine was in Ancient Egypt in 1320-1200 before common era. Its most common use is for jewelry. Found in the crust of the earth, it is also used in the medical industry, to make filings, crowns, and bridges for teeth. Additionally, it can also be used for stomach cancer treatments, in which colloidal gold is injected into the peritoneum. Gold is also used in the space industry. This occurs when NASA uses gold in their circuitry as a connector and conductor in their space shuttles.

Gold in Canada

Globally, Canada is the fifth largest producer of gold as of 2019. Within Canada, gold is the most valuable mined mineral. It is fitting that as the largest producer of gold based on volume, Ontario also had the highest gold production value of all the Canadian provinces. Quebec was the second largest gold producer in Canada, having produced a 32.6 percent share of Canada’s gold in 2017. As of 2017, Canada’s gold reserves amounted to an estimated 2,813 metric tons.

Gold production in Canada in 2019, by province (in kilograms)*

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Release date

February 2020



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

* Mine production; all figures are preliminary estimates.

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