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African gold mine production 2005-2021

The total gold mine production in Africa was estimated to be 660,000 kilograms in 2017 and is expected to increase to 730,000 kilograms by 2021.

What is gold?

Gold is a naturally occurring transition metal. It is a soft and dense precious metal that is the most malleable out of all metals. Gold has many uses, including its well known primary use in jewelry. Their special properties are considered valuable in jewelry manufacturing, which include high luster, yellow color, and tarnish resistance. For industrial uses, gold is very valuable in electronics. Gold acts as a highly efficient conductor that can carry currents and avoid corrosion. It is also used in connectors, connecting wires, and connection strips. Additionally, gold is used in the medical industry. Gold can be used in treating conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and is used in radiation for certain cancers. Gold is mined using various processes which includes panning, sluicing, and dredging. Gold’s quality is measured in karats, in which 24 karats is equivalent to 100 percent gold.

Gold production

The production of gold worldwide has been steadily increasing since 2008. On the other hand, the price of gold has been decreasing since 2012. South Africa, one of the leading countries in gold production, and the number one producer in Africa, produced 138 tons of gold in 2018. The first gold mines in Africa were in South Africa, discovered in 1886. Gold mining is a major source of employment in South Africa, and was once the largest part of the South African economy.

Total gold mine production in Africa from 2005 to 2021 (in kilograms)*

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Release date

August 2019



Survey time period

2005 to 2015

Supplementary notes

* Kilograms of metal content.
** Estimated.

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Statistics on "Mining industry in Africa"

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