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Private and public health spending annual change in Canada 1976-2019

This statistic displays the annual percent change in private and public sector health expenditures in Canada from 1976 to 2017, and a forecast for 2018 and 2019. In 1990, public sector health expenditures in the country increased by 8.6 percent in comparison to the previous year.

Public and private health expenditure in Canada

Canada’s health care system is publicly funded, however, many of its services are offered through private companies. Both private and public health expenditure in Canada has increased over the last decades. During 2018, public and private expenditures increased by three and 4.3 and 3 percent, respectively. In Canada, physician and hospital costs are usually covered by the provincial governments, however, patients often have to pay for such services and goods like prescription drugs, dental care, and eye care by private means. There are also many private facilities offering services such as imaging, diagnostic tests, and lower risk surgeries. In 2018, provincial governments spent about 166 billion Canadian dollars on health care.

The Canadian Health Act was passed in 1984 by the federal government stating that all citizens would have a universally accessible and comprehensive health care. Similarly to some other countries, per capita health expenditures in Canada have increased from about 4,363 U.S. dollars in 2009 to 4,826 U.S. dollars in 2017. In the same year, spending in the United States reached 10,209 U.S. dollars per capita and 5,729 U.S. dollars in Germany. Around 70 percent of health expenditures are considered public and the rest is considered private in Canada.

Annual change in public and private health expenditure in Canada from 1976 to 2019

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Release date

October 2019



Survey time period

1976 to 2019

Supplementary notes

Public sector includes provincial government, federal direct, municipal government, and social security funds.
* Forecast.

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Statistics on "Health expenditures in the U.S."

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