Statistics and facts on health system
The health system – also called healthcare system – of a country includes persons, organizations, institutions and resources, which are needed to provide all necessary healthcare services to the population. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), health systems have to “promote, restore and maintain health”. This includes not only direct health-improving measures, it also incorporates indirect factors which influence healthcare.
Financing is a particularly crucial issue for health systems. All medical services, as well as medical equipment, health education etc., have to be paid for by somebody. Primary financial sources of health systems around the world are taxes, public and private health insurances, out-of-pocket payments and donations. Most countries have elements of all these funds included in their health system financing.
The United States has the highest healthcare costs worldwide, both per capita and as a percentage of its gross domestic product. High health costs are a major reason for 50 million U.S. Americans without health insurance in 2010. The largest share of U.S. healthcare provision and spending comes from governmental programs like Medicare, Medicaid, Tricare, Children’s Health Insurance Program, and the Veteran Health Administration. Additionally, healthcare facilities in the United States are largely in the hands of private businesses.