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S&P 500 EV/EBITDA multiple in the U.S. 2014-2020, by sector

Enterprise value to earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EV/EBITDA) is a key measurement ratio used as a metric of valuing whether a company is under or overvalued as compared to a historical industry average. The S&P 500 (Standard & Poor’s) is an index of the 500 largest U.S. publicly traded companies by market capitalization. As of the end of 2020, the consumer discretionary sector displayed the highest EV/EBITDA multiple with 26.09.

Global comparisons

  Average EV/EBITDA valuation multiples have seen an increase in all industries compared to the 20-year average. Globally, the median EV/EBITDA value has fluctuated to an average of 12.5 in 2019.

Industries to watch

  Between 2017 and 2018, a trend that has been noted in both EV/EBITDA and premiums paid was the high valuation of High Technology companies. One of the reasons behind this is the industry's ability to be attractive to cross-sector merger and acquisition activity. Something that is reflected in the rise of the real estate sector.

S&P 500 EV/EBITDA multiple in the United States from 2014 to 2020, by sector

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Release date



United States

Survey time period

December 31, 2014 to December 31, 2020

Supplementary notes

* No value provided by the source for 2020

The source adds the following information: "The EBITDA multiple for a specific sector is calculated by dividing the total enterprise value of all sector companies by the total sum of annual EBITDA of the companies. The multiples on the table above are trailing twelve months, meaning the last four quarters are used when earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization are calculated."

* All end of year data is correct as of December 31st. Half year data correct as of June 30th.

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