Financial Markets - Statistics & Facts

In finance, the financial market encompasses the part of the free market economic system in which people and entities can trade securities, commodities and other goods at low transaction costs that reflect supply and demand. The financial markets facilitate a number of things that are essential to the workings of a market economy, an economy which heavily relies on interactions between buyers and sellers for the allocation of resources. The financial market encourages the raising of capital; it promotes international trade through the currency markets, the transfer of liquidity, the transfer of risk, and price discovery, and it allows a much higher level of integration for global transactions.

Private equity is money invested in firms which have not made their initial public offering or IPO. In 2016, the Carlyle Group was the largest private equity firm worldwide by assets under management valued at 178 billion U.S. dollars and Apollo Global Management followed closely behind.

The U.S. dollar has been the de facto global reserve currency since the Bretton Woods exchange rate system was established in the 1940s. Global currency reserves steadily increased between 2000 and 2013, but have decreased since then.



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Financial markets - Important statistics

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Infographics on the topic

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