Largest share of natural gas reserves located in British ColumbiaWith technological advances making unconventional extraction viable, Canadian natural gas reserves have increased from 1.7 trillion cubic meters in 1998 to 2.4 trillion cubic meters in 2020. Most marketable reserves are found in the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin in the province of British Columbia. Canada also extracts oil and gas from the Atlantic seabed off the coast of Newfoundland, with operations having increased in the last few years. Over 300 new oil and gas wells were drilled in British Columbia in 2020, compared with 12 such offshore wells.
Gas trading and plans to expand into LNG marketWith the United States its only trading partner, natural gas exports from Canada have been decreasing in the past decade. As a result, the government has been looking into expanding trading opportunities by building LNG export terminals to allow for shipping to other consumer markets. However, while initial interest ran high, as of September 2021, Canada has some of the largest cancelled LNG terminals by capacity worldwide with further development of LNG projects having come under question.
As for companies, Enbridge Inc, the midstream company that owns the country’s largest natural gas distribution network, is also Canada’s leading oil and gas company based on revenues.