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Texas - Statistics & Facts

Texas, nicknamed the Lone Star state, is the second-most populous state in the United States, with a population of about 29 million people, and is also the second-largest state by land size in the country. Most of the population lives in major cities such as Houston, San Antonio, Dallas, and Austin. The Austin-Round Rock metro area alone has a population of 2.16 million people. The population density in 2018 stood at 109.9 residents per square mile of land area, higher than the national population density.

Texas is home to top universities such as Rice University, Texas A&M, and the University of Texas system . Significant attractions include The Alamo, Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, and Guadalupe Mountains National Park. Sports are also a large part of Texan culture, with their most popular sport being American football, which includes the most valuable team in the NFL, the Dallas Cowboys. Both MLB teams, the Houston Astros and the Texas Rangers, had lucrative revenues valued at over 300 million U.S. dollars. Texas is also home to three NBA teams, the San Antonio Spurs, Houston Rockets, and Dallas Mavericks.

As one of the leading state economies in the United States, Texas has seen an increase in their state GDP over the past 18 years. In 2018, the real GDP of Texas was 1.67 trillion U.S. dollars, the second-highest in the United States. Texas’ economy is driven by oil and exports, as Texas has the highest levels of crude oil production in the country, and exported goods worth about 301.26 billion U.S. dollars, the highest in the country. Not only did they have the highest number of exported goods, but Texas was also the leading state for chemical exports. Behind Texas’ powerful economy are 49 Fortune 500 companies that are headquartered there, which include ExxonMobil, AT&T, American Airlines, and Sysco. Texas is an attractive state for businesses for several reasons which include the high amount of cultural diversity, pro-business tax climate, and infrastructure.

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