Public transportationMeans of road transportation hosted the largest volume of passengers in Russia, with buses being the most frequented type as of 2021. An interesting fact about buses in Russia is that the rather obsolete trolleybus, which is the first electric bus that drew energy from double overhead wires, is still in use. In fact, with 28 trolley routes in Moscow alone, Russia accounts for the highest number of trolleybus routes among CIS countries. High congestion levels of automobile transport in the country make it the most hazardous form of transport in the region. In terms of rail network density, Russia ranked eighth among CIS member states.
Freight transportationThe annual road freight volume in Russia, most of which was carried through the Central federal district, has seen a gradual growth since 2016. As of 2019, Germany was Russia’s major European road freight import partner, while the highest volume of exported road freight to EU-28 from Russia was reported for Finland. While major commodity groups transported by road were fast-moving consumer goods and small industrial products, energy commodities prevailed. Thus, charcoal, oil and petroleum products made up the biggest share of rail freight in Russia.
Cargo transportationWhen looking at maritime cargo dynamics in Russia, tank carriers made up the largest water cargo volume. The capacity of the North Sea Route also saw a significant growth in recent years, amounting to 32.97 billion metric tons of transported cargo in 2020. The largest transshipments share in the country went to fossil fuels, charcoal was leading in dry cargo by volume and oil ranked first in liquid cargo.
Nearly half of the air cargo volume in Russia was comprised of cargo and mail transportation. Air Bridge Cargo airlines, which is the part of Volga-Dnepr Group and the major national cargo airline, was the leading company by transported freight volume in 2019.