Transport industry in Poland - statistics & facts

Transport is of great importance both for the economy and in the daily life of the population. People's use of transportation includes, to name a few examples, commuting to work or school, holidays, weekend trips, or shopping. The transport of goods primarily supplies industry and services, including trade and individual recipients, the latter done by courier services. Transportation is divided into several types. Land transport includes rail and road. Another type is water transport (inland and sea), and air transport. The latter has been developing dynamically in Poland for several years. Transmission transport involves pipelines, conveyors, or traction. Both goods and passenger transport is dominated by road transport.

Cargo transport in Poland

One of the key features in the development of transport in Poland is its geographical location. Poland lies in Central Europe on the border of the European Union. It has access to the sea and is a place where the most important European transit routes intersect. For many years, Poland has been investing enormous financial resources into the development of road, rail, and air infrastructure. Every year the number of kilometers of newly built express roads and motorways is increasing. Poland has also been modernizing its railway lines for a few years now and is focusing on investments related to the construction of high-speed rail. After years of decline in the number of railway lines, figures started to increase again from 2016. Since joining the European Union in 2004, the role of Poland in road transport has changed considerably. Since then, the country has become one of the largest road haulers in the European Union. Poland's transport of goods in international transport amounted to over 327 million metric tons. In 2020, over 2.6 billion metric tons of cargo were transported, of which the most significant amount was carried by roads.

Passenger transport in Poland

Nearly 422 million passengers were transported by public transport in 2021. A decrease was recorded only in maritime transport. The remaining modes of transport recorded an upward trend in the number of passengers compared to the previous year. The most significant growth was noted in air transport, where the volume of passengers grew by 93 percent year-on-year. However, passenger transfers in public transport - by bus, minibus - are systematically declining in Poland. This is caused, among other reasons, by the growing number of private passenger cars. There are numerous private or local government companies providing regular passenger transport services across Poland. Carriers are operating on long-distance routes, domestic or foreign. On the other hand, trips involving short distances - suburban, municipal, county, and even provincial - are often not profitable and have to be subsidized by local governments.

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