E-cigarettes or Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) are devices that heat a liquid containing nicotine to create an aerosol which can be inhaled by the user. These products vary largely in size, function, and price, from low-cost disposable cig-a-like e-cigarettes to relatively expensive refillable tank devices. Introduced as an alternative tobacco product, e-cigarettes are mostly consumed in North America and Europe, whereas they are banned or strictly regulated in many countries in Central and South America as well as in Asia.
Both devices and their contents (e.g., e-liquids, vaping pods, nicotine salt) are included in the analyses. Unlike combustible tobacco products, the tobacco contents and the prices of different kinds of e-cigarette products are not directly comparable, therefore, the volume and price data are not displayed.
Due to a ban either on the entire segment or on nicotine-containing products, the following countries are excluded: Argentina, Australia, Bahrain, Bhutan, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Colombia, Egypt, Gambia, India, Iran, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Nepal, Nicaragua, Norway, Oman, Panama, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, and Uruguay.