Recycling in North America
San Francisco and Seattle are among the leading cities in the United States in terms of recycling. In Canada, Toronto and Montreal were rated among the best cities in terms of recycling. Canada has also implemented a program to encourage the reuse of certain materials; used tires are recycled into playgrounds and also mixed with asphalt for road resurfacing. In 2013, Vancouver introduced a pilot program to recycle cigarette butts into various industrial products, such as plastic pallets.
By 2009, San Francisco on the U.S. west coast had developed an extensive recycling program that included a wide range of materials and also charged residents for non-recyclable garbage based on the amount that was thrown out. Similar to a Toronto program, San Francisco also required residents and businesses to separate recyclable materials by placing them in special curbside containers. Recycling rates for bottles in the United States reached only 31 percent in 2014. San Francisco also initiated the curbside separation of compostable materials. by the way, in the United States, about 0.37 pounds municipal solid waste for composting was produced per person per day in 2009. Under the implementation of these progressive regulations, recycling in the city increased significantly. Many residents started to sort their trash before the proposed fines came into effect and by December 2010, no fines had been issued for non-compliance with waste separation.