Ethnicities in the United States
The United States are known around the world for the diversity of its population. The Census recognizes six different racial and ethnic categories: White American, Native American and Alaska Native, Asian American, Black or African American, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. People of Hispanic or Latino origin are classified as a racially diverse ethnicity.
The largest part of the population, about 77.7 percent, is composed of White Americans. The largest minority in the country are Hispanics with a share of 17.1 percent of the population, followed by Black or African Americans with 13.2 percent.
However, life in the United States seems to be rather different depending on the race or ethnicity that you belong to. For instance: In 2012, native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander alone had the highest birth rate of 78.8 per 1,000 women, while 1,000 White alone, non Hispanic women gave birth to 49.3 children.
The Black population living in the United States has the highest poverty rate with of all Census races and ethnicities in the United States. About 27 percent of the Black population was living with an income lower than the 2013 poverty threshold. The White, non-Hispanic population has the smallest poverty rate in the United States, with about 9.6 percent living in poverty.
The median annual family income in the United States in 2012 earned by Black families was about 40,517 U.S. dollars, while the average family income earned by the Asian population was about 77,864 U.S. dollars. This is more than 10,000 U.S. dollars higher than the U.S. average family income, which was 62,241 U.S. dollars.