Number of employed people in China 2008-2018

The graph shows the number of employed people in China from 2008 to 2018. In 2018, the workforce in China had amounted to around 775.9 million people.

Workforce in China – additional information

In 2017, China’s total population had reached 1.39 billion. The labor force of China, which refers to the population aged 16 and over and capable of working, stood at 806 million in 2018, marking a slight decrease of one million people from 2017. Out of the economically active population, approximately 776 million had been employed in 2018. As of 2018, there were about 43.4 billion people employed in urban areas, while 342 million people had been working in rural areas.

Although the workforce in China had been steadily increasing, the labor force participation rate in China, meaning the share of the Chinese working-age population that participated in the labor force had slightly decreased, dropping from 72.3 percent in 2007 to 68.9 percent in 2017.

Between 2008 to 2018, the share of the workforce employed in the primary sector had declined significantly in China from 39.6 percent in 2008 to 26.1 percent in 2018, whereas the percentage of people employed in the secondary and tertiary sectors increased. As of 2018, about 27.6 percent of Chinese workers had been employed in secondary and 46.3 percent in tertiary industries.

Partly influenced by the implementation of the one-child policy, the fertility rate in China has receded, resulting in a demographic shift of the age pyramid and, in turn, of the overall workforce.

Number of employed people in China from 2008 to 2018

Employed people in millions
2018775.9
2017776.4
2016776.03
2015774.51
2014772.53
2013769.77
2012767.04
2011764.2
2010761.05
2009758.28
2008755.64
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Source

Release date

October 2019

Region

China

Survey time period

2008 to 2018

Supplementary notes

Figures refer to employed persons in both urban and rural regions of China.

Figures have been rounded.

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Statistics on "Employment in China"

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