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Residential end-user electricity price breakdown in select cities in Europe 2020

In most European cities, energy generation prices constitute the main share of the residential end-user electricity price. Energy generation price shares are highest in capital cities of island nations such as Malta and Cyprus that are largely reliant on energy imports, as well as in Kyiv, Ukraine where it accounts for 76 percent of the end-user price.
Copenhagen and Berlin are exceptional cases among these European cities in that the energy tax accounts for the highest share of end-user prices. In the Danish city, energy taxes represents 42 percent of the residential electricity price. Meanwhile, Germany has been shifting its primary energy consumption, to increase the share of renewables, which results in the energy tax making up 38 percent of end-user prices.

Distribution of residential end-user electricity prices in selected European capital cities as of December 2020

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Europe, EU

Survey time period


Supplementary notes

Proportions appearing in the graph are rounded and may not add up to 100 percent.

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