Global consumption of primary energy by fuel 2005-2018

The total consumption of primary energy sources is increasing worldwide. Oil is the most consumed primary energy source in the world, with 4.6 billion tons of oil equivalent consumed in 2018. Most notably, the use of renewables sources is growing at a steady rate.

Rising demand for fossil fuels

Demand for fossil fuels – such as natural gas, oil, and coal – has remained high, as consumption of primary energy has increased. The use of oil has consistently grown each year, while consumption of other non-renewable fuel types has been more varied, with natural gas briefly overtaking coal as the second-most consumed fuel in 2015. Increased natural gas consumption worldwide is predicted due to decreased costs of natural gas in the United States over the past two decades.

Natural gas use by region

North America had the largest increase in consumption of natural gas from 2017 to 2018, as the United States has become one of the largest producers in the world. High levels of U.S. supply have reduced the price of natural gas in the country in comparison to other regions. Oil consumption in Central and South America also decreased during this period and has been declining since 2014.

Primary energy consumption worldwide from 2005 to 2018, by fuel type

Exclusive Premium statistic

You need a Premium Account for unlimited access.

  • Full access to 1m statistics

  • Incl. source references

  • Available to download in PNG, PDF, XLS format

Premium Account

only $59 / month *
*Duration: 12 months, billed annually, single license

Access to this and all other statistics on 80,000 topics from

$708 / Year

Show detailed source information?
Register for free
Already a member?
Log in

Release date

June 2019



Survey time period

2005 to 2018

Supplementary notes

* The renewable energy category was added in 2009.
The values from 2005 to 2016 are taken from previous publications.

In this statistic, primary energy only includes the commercially traded fuels. Oil was measured in million metric tons, all other energy sources in million metric tons of oil equivalent.

Open this statistic in...
Statista Accounts: Access All Statistics. Starting from $708 / Year
Basic Account
Get to know the platform

You only have access to basic statistics.
This statistic is not included in your account!

Premium Account
Your perfect start with Statista
  • Instant access to 1m statistics
  • Download in XLS, PDF & PNG format
  • Detailed references

$59 / Month *

Corporate Account
Full access

Corporate solution including all features.

* All products require an annual contract.
   Prices do not include sales tax.

Statistics on "Energy consumption worldwide"

Statista Accounts: Access All Statistics. Starting from $708 / Year
Learn more about how Statista can support your business.