Iron ore mine production by country 2015-2019

This statistic illustrates the worldwide mine production of iron ore from 2015 to 2019, sorted by country. The mine production of iron ore in the United States reached approximately 56 million metric tons in 2014. Until 2019, the annual production decreased to estimated 48 million metric tons.

Iron ore mine production

Iron ore are rocks and minerals that can be heated in the presence of a reductant to extract metallic iron. Iron and steel industries worldwide are reliant on these sources for primary iron material. A large majority of mined iron ore is then used in steelmaking. Iron ore minerals are mostly found as hematite and magnetite.

Australia and Brazil are among the world’s largest iron ore mine producers, producing 930 million metric tons and 480 million metric tons, respectively, in 2019. Subsequently, iron ore reserves are among the highest in Australia with 23 billion metric tons of iron content and 48 billion metric tons of crude ore, as of 2019. Over 90 percent of Australia’s identified resource resides in Western Australia. Hamersley Province contains a large portion of this resource and is considered one of the world’s largest iron ore reserves. The Pilbara region in Western Australia has two major producers, including BHP Billiton and Rio Tinto Ltd. Pilbara Iron is a subsidiary of the Rio Tinto group and has about 15 sites in the region. As of 2011, Australia exported about 40 percent of the world’s iron ore resources. Along with Brazil, the two countries account of over half of the world’s exports.

Major countries in iron ore mine production worldwide from 2015 to 2019 (in million metric tons)*

20152016201720182019**
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Source

Release date

February 2020

Region

Worldwide

Survey time period

2015 to 2019

Supplementary notes

* Production of usable ore, specifically agglomerates, concentrates, direct-shipping ore, and byproduct ore for consumption.
** Estimated.
*** China's ore production values are not based on usable ore (whereas all other countries are). Instead, China's values are based primarily on the production of raw ore.
**** Data from 2015 through 2017 was not provided.
This statistic was assembled using several editions of the report.

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