Total demand for electricity in the United Kingdom (UK) 2000-2018

Total demand for electricity in the United Kingdom (UK) from 2000 to 2018 (in gigawatt hours GWh)

by Ian Tiseo, last edited May 23, 2019
Total demand for electricity in the United Kingdom (UK) 2000-2018 Since 2005, the United Kingdom’s demand for electricity has been in decline, and by 2018 had fallen to a low of 353,813 gigawatt-hours. This is despite the population of the United Kingdom increasing by approximately five million people during this time. Some factors for this decline are energy efficiency regulations, energy-efficient lighting and changing consumer habits.
Household electricity consumption

  In 2017, the average domestic electricity consumption per household varied from region to region. Consumption was highest in the South West of England with an average of 4,279 kilowatt hours, and lowest in the North East.

Electricity generation in decline

As with electricity demand, electricity generation has also been decreasing. In 2018, the amount of electricity generated by the United Kingdom fell to the lowest levels since 1994. Although electricity generation has been in decline, renewable generation has increased significantly. Projections for the year 2035 estimate renewable sources will account for 48 percent of all electricity generation. By 2030, the use of coal is expected to have been phased out.
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Total demand for electricity in the United Kingdom (UK) from 2000 to 2018 (in gigawatt hours GWh)

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Demand in GWh
2018*353,813
2017353,838
2016356,524
2015358,639
2014359,683
2013373,830
2012376,359
2011374,362
2010384,882
2009379,475
2008399,663
2007402,437
2006404,697
2005406,455
2004398,971
2003398,161
2002394,677
2001394,010
2000389,744
Demand in GWh
2018*353,813
2017353,838
2016356,524
2015358,639
2014359,683
2013373,830
2012376,359
2011374,362
2010384,882
2009379,475
2008399,663
2007402,437
2006404,697
2005406,455
2004398,971
2003398,161
2002394,677
2001394,010
2000389,744
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by Ian Tiseo, last edited May 23, 2019
Since 2005, the United Kingdom’s demand for electricity has been in decline, and by 2018 had fallen to a low of 353,813 gigawatt-hours. This is despite the population of the United Kingdom increasing by approximately five million people during this time. Some factors for this decline are energy efficiency regulations, energy-efficient lighting and changing consumer habits.
Household electricity consumption

  In 2017, the average domestic electricity consumption per household varied from region to region. Consumption was highest in the South West of England with an average of 4,279 kilowatt hours, and lowest in the North East.

Electricity generation in decline

As with electricity demand, electricity generation has also been decreasing. In 2018, the amount of electricity generated by the United Kingdom fell to the lowest levels since 1994. Although electricity generation has been in decline, renewable generation has increased significantly. Projections for the year 2035 estimate renewable sources will account for 48 percent of all electricity generation. By 2030, the use of coal is expected to have been phased out.
Show more
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