Total demand for electricity in the United Kingdom (UK) 2000-2019

Since 2005, the United Kingdom’s demand for electricity has been in decline, and by 2019 had fallen to a low of 345,467 gigawatt-hours. This is despite the population of the United Kingdom increasing by approximately five million people during this time. Some factors for this decline are energy efficiency regulations, energy-efficient lighting and changing consumer habits.

Household electricity consumption

In 2018, the average domestic electricity consumption per household varied from region to region. Consumption was highest in the South West of England with an average of 4,153 kilowatt hours, and lowest in the North East.

Electricity generation in decline

As with electricity demand, electricity generation has also been decreasing. In 2018, the amount of electricity generated by the United Kingdom fell to the lowest levels since 1994. Although electricity generation has been in decline, renewable generation has increased significantly. Projections for the year 2035 estimate renewable sources will account for 70 percent of all electricity generation. By 2023, the use of coal is expected to have been phased out.

Total demand for electricity in the United Kingdom (UK) from 2000 to 2019

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Sources

Release date

March 2020

Region

United Kingdom

Survey time period

2000 to 2019

Supplementary notes

* Provisional figures

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Statistics on "Electricity consumption in the UK"

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