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Electricity consumption in the UK - Statistics & facts

As in many other developed countries this past decade, electricity consumption in the United Kingdom has been in decline. Energy efficiency measures, greater awareness of electricity saving among consumers, and struggling energy-intensive industries have all contributed to this trend. In 2020, the UK’s net power supply dipped below 300 terawatt-hours for the first time in almost twenty years. Despite this decline, the UK still ranks amongst the largest electricity consumers worldwide and the fourth-largest in Europe.

Electricity consumption trends

The amount of electricity consumed in the UK follows a seasonal trend. Monthly electricity consumption typically peaks in the winter months when the colder weather sets in and there are fewer daylight hours. This is especially the case in January, when consumption generally oscillates between 28 and 30 terawatt-hours. June, in contrast, experiences the lowest consumption each year – typically below 24 terawatt-hours.

Power usage in the UK also varies by region. In 2020, households in the East of England registered the largest average domestic consumption. The South East and South West regions also had a consumption above the national average of four megawatt-hours per residence. The domestic sector has been the largest final user of electricity in the UK for most of the current century. Meanwhile, the industrial sector has recorded the biggest decline in consumption over the past decade, shrinking by more than 20 percent between 2010 and 2020.

Declining power demand and rising prices

Despite the steady decrease in electricity consumption, the average domestic bill in the UK grew by roughly 30 percent over the past decade, driven by growth in wholesale costs, grid maintenance expenses, and environmental and social contributions. In turn, the UK’s household expenditure on electricity has recently surpassed 18 billion pounds per year, while industry expenditure shot to a peak of eight billion pounds.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 24 most important statistics relating to "Electricity consumption in the UK".


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