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Biodiesel production in the U.S. 2001-2019

In 2019, the total volume of biodiesel production in the country came to 1.72 billion gallons. Biodiesel is intended to be used in standard diesel engines as a standalone fuel or blended with petroleum.

Biodiesel – additional information

Biodiesel is made from a blend of various feedstocks that includes recycled cooking oil, soybean oil, and animal fats. It is created through transesterification, where glycerin is separated from fat or oils, leaving two products: glycerin and biodiesel. Glycerin can often be further used in soaps and other products.

Biodiesel production in the United States has skyrocketed since the early 2000s, rising from 9 million gallons in 2001. The U.S. was considered the second largest biodiesel producer in the world in 2019, behind Indonesia, which produced some eight billion liters that year. The United States exported some 2.7 billion barrels of biodiesel in 2019.

Biodiesel that meets technical fuel quality and engine performance specifications can be used in current diesel engines, often with blends from about 5 to 20 percent biodiesel. The Environmental Protection Agency has classified biodiesel as an Advanced Biofuel due to its potential in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and pollutants from petroleum diesel. However, the sustainability of biodiesel consumption has been questioned. Enacting stricter standards could regulate production of the fuel and act as a preventative measure against harmful biodiesel production. In 2018, biodiesel consumption amounted to approximately 1811 million gallons.

Production volume of biodiesel in the United States from 2001 to 2019

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Release date

June 2020


United States

Survey time period

2001 to 2019

Supplementary notes

Figures were rounded.

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