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Global biodiesel production by country 2019

With a biodiesel production volume of nearly eight billion liters in 2019, Indonesia rose to be the world's largest biodiesel producer that year.

Biodiesel in the United States

Biodiesel is generally composed of a chemically reacting lipid, such as a vegetable oil or an animal fat, and an alcohol that produces fatty acid esters. It is meant to be used in normal diesel engines and can be used alone or as a blend with petrodiesel. Some blends of biodiesel can also be used for heating purposes. Using biodiesel can reduce emissions of carbon monoxide, particulates, hydrocarbons, and sulfates. If the fuel is blended, its emissions’ reduction depends on the blend’s composition. Biodiesel is also able to degrade at a much faster rate than normal diesel fuel.

Biodiesel producer countries

The United States and Brazil were among the largest biodiesel producers in the world, totaling some 6.5 and 5.9 billion liters, respectively, in 2019. The United States is projected to reach production levels of over 1 billion gallons of biodiesel by 2025. After the implementation of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 which provided tax incentives for certain types of energy, biodiesel production in the U.S. began to increase. The Volumetric Ethanol Excise Tax Credit is currently one of the main sources of financial support for biofuels in the United States. In 2019, the U.S. exported about 2.5 million barrels of their biodiesel products. The United States has one of the highest bioenergy capacities in the world, totaling 12,450 megawatts.

Leading biodiesel producers worldwide in 2019, by country (in billion liters)*

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Release date

June 2020



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

*Figures for the U.S., France, the Netherlands and Italy include the production of both FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) and HVO (Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil). All other nations figures are for FAME.

Production levels are rounded to the nearest 0.1 billion liters. Rounding is to account for uncertainties in available data.

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Statistics on "Biofuels in Europe"

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