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Inflation rate in Jamaica 2021

Inflation in Jamaica dropped to about 3.73 percent in 2018, meaning that a group of goods that cost 100 Jamaican dollars in 2018 would cost 103.73 Jamaican dollars in 2019. This rate dropped from 8.3 percent in 2014 and was forecast to stay around 5 percent in the medium term.

Inflation and growth

After adjusting for inflation, the growth rate in Jamaica’s economy has been relatively slow over the past few years. This is an issue for the island because its gross domestic product per capita indicates a moderate level of development. This suggests that the people would benefit from a higher level of growth. Developmental economists often call this “catch-up” growth, a period of relatively rapid growth that occurs because the economy develops to the level of other countries that have fully realized their economic potential under modern levels of technology and trade.

Effects of inflation

Inflation is often associated with a corresponding increase in unemployment. In developed economies, central bankers worry about the tradeoff between higher inflation and higher unemployment. For Jamaica, more inflation may be the lesser of two evils. Since the Jamaican dollar is not pegged to any other currency, inflation also weakens the currency. For a country so heavily reliant on foreign currencies through tourism, this actually makes Jamaica a more attractive destination because tourists’ U.S. dollars or euros are worth more in relative terms.

Jamaica: Inflation rate from 1984 to 2021

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Release date

April 2020



Survey time period

1984 to 2018

Supplementary notes

According to the source, due to the high level of uncertainty in current global economic conditions, the IMF projections for these indicators are provided only through 2021.

* Estimate.

Figures have been rounded.

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Statistics on "Jamaica"

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