Around 1.5 million employees in the public sector
Sweden has a large public sector compared to many other countries. It employed in total around 1.5 million individuals in 2021, distributed between the central government and the municipal sector. Most of the employees were employed within the municipal sector.
Extensive public sector and a relatively high tax ratio
The public sector in Sweden is extensive and covers social insurances, health care, and education among others. The public sector is financed by taxes and due to such a large public sector, Sweden has a relatively high tax ratio, which was at 43.1 percent of Sweden’s gross domestic product in 2020.