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Urban population in Vietnam 2005-2019

In 2019, the urban population in Vietnam stood at approximately 35.69 million people. The six largest urban agglomerations include Hanoi, Hai Phong, Da Nang, Bien Hoa, Ho Chi Minh City and Can Tho. On the other hand, Ben Tre, Thai Binh and Bac Giang had the lowest rates of urbanization in the country. The major urban cities are Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, Can Tho, Hai Phong, Da Nang and Bien Hoa.

Urbanization in Vietnam

Vietnam’s urbanization rate was at 35.92 percent. It was forecasted that the share of urban population will surpass the rural population by 2050. The urban population is rapidly increasing due to the number of immigrants and economic reforms as well as higher living standards. For example, the under-five child mortality rate is twice as high as in rural areas. Nevertheless, about 27 percent of urban population lived in slums.

Urban infrastructure in Vietnam

In June 2019, the World Bank Board of Executive Directors approved a 194.36 million U.S. dollar credit to support four secondary cities in Vietnam in the development of municipal infrastructure and urban planning. This project should help in reducing flood risks, improving sanitation and reducing travel times. Moreover, Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City are developing a metro system which is scheduled for completion in 2021.

Urban population in Vietnam from 2005 to 2019

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Release date




Survey time period

2005 to 2019

Supplementary notes

Definition: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the administrative criteria used by each country or area.

Figures have been rounded.

The source did not provide a date of publication. The date used here is the access date.

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Statistics on "Demographics in Vietnam"

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