Number of foreigners in Germany 2019, by residency status

Of the foreign population living in Germany, most had no residency status, as they did not need one based on freedom of movement defined by EU laws. The next largest groups had either an unlimited or a limited residency permit.

Foreigners in Germany

Foreigner status is defined by the German constitution in Article 116. Put plainly, foreigners are those who are not German. These include stateless persons and those with unclear citizenship, as well as the population group with a migration background. Individuals with a migration background can either have immigrated into Germany or been born in the country to at least one parent who was born a foreigner. When looking at foreigner numbers in Germany based on country of origin, the most represented countries are Turkey, Poland and Syria.

Migration background

The share of the population with a migration background in Germany recently amounted to 26 percent. When broken down by gender, the number of men with a migration background eclipsed that of women as of 2019.

Number of foreigners in Germany in 2019, by residency status

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Release date

April 2020



Survey time period

December 31, 2019

Supplementary notes

Foreign population according to the Central Register of Foreign Nationals as of December 31, 2018.
Based on the Central Register of Foreign Nationals, statistics on foreigners were rounded up to the nearest multiple of 5, due to demands for statistical privacy and personal data protection in population statistics publications.

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Statistics on "Migration and integration in Germany"

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