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In 2016, coal was the third most heavily consumed energy source for primary energy in the United States. Texas is one of the largest consumers of coal energy in the country, however, the U.S. has begun to divest away using coal resources due to its environmental impacts. With total consumption of about 13 quadrillion British thermal units, the U.S. electric power sector consumed more coal energy than any other sector in 2016. In 2050, U.S. coal power generation is expected to decrease to around 852 terawatt hours.
The popularity of coal as an energy source in the U.S. is largely due to its relatively low cost. The cost of electricity produced from coal was estimated at about 3.29 U.S. dollar cents per kilowatt hour in 2014. In 2016, one metric ton of thermal coal cost about 66 U.S. dollars. Coal consumption is rapidly decreasing in the United States due to increased availability of renewables and natural gas, as well as stronger environmental regulations.
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Coal production in the U.S. in 2015, by key state (in 1,000 short tons)
Leading coal mines in the United States in 2016, by production (in million short tons)
Leading coal producers in the United States in 2016, by production (in 1,000 short tons)
Peabody's coal sales from 2006 to 2016 (in million tons)
Consumption of coal in the U.S. from 2006 to 2016 (in million short tons)
Leading U.S. states in energy consumption from coal in 2015 (in trillion Btu)
Primary energy consumption in the U.S. from 2010 to 2016, by fuel (in million metric tons of oil equivalent)
Coal energy primary consumption in the U.S. from 1990 to 2016, by sector (in trillion British thermal units)*
U.S. energy consumption from coal, nuclear sources, natural gas and petroleum, between 1999 and 2016 (in quadrillion British thermal units)
Residential sector energy consumption from coal, natural gas, and petroleum in the U.S. from 1975 to 2016 (in trillion British thermal units)
How much electricity is generated from a unit of coal, natural gas and oil in the U.S.? (in kilowatt hours)
Electricity generation from coal in the United States between 2005 and 2016 (in million megawatt hours)*
Total U.S. electricity net generation from 1990 to 2016, by fuel (in billion kilowatt hours)*
Projected coal power generation in the U.S. from 2016 to 2050 (in billion kilowatt hours)*
Average costs of fossil fuels for the U.S. electric power industry from 2005 to 2016 (in U.S. dollars per million Btu)
Cost of coal and natural gas for electric generation in the U.S. from 1980 to 2016 (in U.S. dollars per million British thermal units)*
Average cost of coal for the electric power industry in the U.S. from 2005 to 2016 (in U.S. dollars per ton)
Thermal coal prices from 2003 to the third quarter of 2017 (in U.S. dollars per metric ton)*
Estimated U.S. coal powered generation fuel costs from 2012 to 2017 (in U.S. dollars per million British thermal units)
Average coal sales price in U.S. states with the highest coal production in 2016 (in U.S. dollars per short ton)
Natural gas vis-a-vis coal prices 1980-2016
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Leading U.S. states in coal-mining jobs 2009-2016
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U.S. electric power plants by energy source 2016
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U.S. coal consumption 2006-2016
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