Syria - Statistics & Facts

Syria is a nation in Western Asia bordered by Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, and Israel. The total population of Syria increased substantially from 2000 until 2010. In 2010, Syria had a total population of approximately 21.4 million inhabitants. However, due to the constant war within Syria’s borders, that number has since declined and the total population of Syria today cannot be determined exactly. Despite this, in comparison to the previous year, Syria reported positive population growth rates from 2005 to 2010 - but these figures have declined since then as well.


During the Arab Spring in 2011, the economy in Syria was experiencing high unemployment rates, corruption and political repression. Protesters demanded that long-time Syrian leader, Bashar al-Assad, step down, but the protests were ineffective. Since 2011, the armed resistance against the regime has been growing constantly and violence has been increasing. By the summer of 2012, the fighting had spread to Syria’s largest city, Aleppo. Since the beginning of the Syrian revolution, there have been more than 115 thousand civilian casualties and almost 10 percent of all deaths in Syria are caused by terrorist attacks. Due to the high number of casualties, millions of people have fled Syria.

Despite the unrest in Syria being a result of the poor economic situation, the GDP has grown significantly from 2001 until 2010. However, unemployment rates in Syria have remained exceedingly high. In comparison to other nations in the Middle East, Syria has one of the highest unemployment rates registered. All in all, the Syrian population and economy are still suffering greatly under the war and its consequences, causing many Syrians to leave their home and flee to Europe.

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Syria - Important statistics

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Infographics on the topic

Syria Infographic - Forced Displacement in 2016
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