Toronto Pearson International Airport leads both in the domestic and international Canadian airline sector in the numbers of passengers handled. The total passenger traffic at Toronto Pearson in 2016 amounted to approximately 44.3 million, while in that same year, air cargo traffic at Vancouver International Airport stood at around 281,000 metric tons. The number of aircraft movements at Canadian airports was recorded to be at about 4.44 million in 2016 alone.
The Canadian domestic airline market is dominated by Air Canada and Westjet Airlines, both accounting for about 70 percent of the total domestic market as of 2017. This duopoly has precipitated a high cost in Canadian airfare with system-wide average airfare standing at 220.7 Canadian dollars as of the fourth quarter of 2016. In comparison, the average U.S. passenger fare in domestic, scheduled service air traffic is just a little above a hundred U.S. dollars.
The total number of both enplaned and deplaned air passengers in 2016 alone in Canada amounted to around 133 million, with about 83.4 million of them being domestic air passengers. Between 2016 and 2017, there were a total of 840 licensed air carriers in Canada; 613 of them being Canadian air carriers.